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2009年职称英语考试试题答案
2009-04-02 11:53   来源:
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关键词:2009年职称英语考试试题答案

  第6部分:完形填空(第51~65题,每题1分,共15分)

  阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  Can Loud Music Cause Hearing Impairment(损伤)?

  Have you ever gone to a concert and realized that your seats were right next to the booming speakers? Are you guilty_________(51) turning up the volume on your portable cassette or CD player to drown out the whining(哭哭啼啼)of your little brother? Sometimes it’s difficult to avoid loud music or noises,but they can be bad news because loud noises can_________(52)temporary or permanent hearing loss.

  Extremely loud music and noises that go on for long periods of_________(53) are common causes of deafness.If a noise is so loud that you have to shout to make yoursef _________(54),there is a_________(55)that the mechanism inside your ear can be injured.

  Temporary hearing loss can happen after you’ve been _________ (56) to loud noise for only 15 minutes.If you have temporary hearing loss, you won’t be able to hear as_________(57) as you normally can,and you may have tinnitus (耳鸣),which is a fancy word for ringing in the ears.Your ears call feel“full”,too. _________(58), these things usually go away and your hearing soon return to normal.

  Permanent hearing loss can happen when,someone is exposed to loud noise _________(59)and over.Construction workers and people who work in factories must_________(60)ear protectors because the equipment they use can be extremely loud.

  But even some lawn mowers(割草机)and power tools can permanently _________(61) a person’s ability to hear high-pitched noises and can also give him permanent tinnitus.Listening to extremely loud music over and over call also have the same effect on a person’s________(62).And using headphones on a portable cassette or CD player can be dangerous_________(63)if the volume is too high and the headphones are used a lot,the noise can damage the ears.

  The best way to avoid hearing loss is to wear eat protectors when working with machinery and earplugs when going to a_________(64).Headphones are OK to wear when you’re listening to music;just be sure the volume isn’t too high,and give them a rest ________(65)once in a while.

  51 A of B for C at D on

  52 A have B take C cause D tap

  53 A course B length C state D time

  54 A heard B appreciated C tracked D welcomed

  55 A luck B point C chance D sense

  56 A exposed   B expressed C carried D reflected

  57 A good  B well C regularly D stable

  58 A Unfortunately B Accordingly C Luckily D Unexpectedly

  59 A over B once C again D away

  60 A hear B bear C wear D tear

  61 A affect B effect C enforce D present

  62 A scope B attitude C survey D hearing

  63 A whereas B although C because D unless

  64 A concert B factory C meeting D mall

  65 A each B every C all D for

  *===========================================================================*

  答案

  51. A52. C53. D54. A55. C

  56. A57. B58. C59. A60. C

  61. A62. D63. C64. A65. B

  *===========================================================================*

  解析

  51. A be guilty of sth/ doing sth 为固定搭配,意为承认做了什么或犯了什么罪。比如be guilty of a crime 是承认犯了罪;be guilty of heresy 是犯了异端邪说罪。

  52. C 这句话是说大的吵闹声会导致暂时性或永久性的听力丧失,所以选cause.

  53. D long periods of time 意为很长一段时间。

  54. A make oneself heard 是使某人被听见,就是让别人听见自己讲什么。

  55. C chance 除了表示机会以外,还有意外,可能性的意思。所以是正确选项。

  56. A be exposed to 意思是遭受,暴露于……的意思,符合文章意思。而且如果决定不了,可以暂且搁置,继续往下看。在第四段的第一句话也出现了这个词组。

  57. B as well as 是副词比较级,意为跟什么一样好。不能用good, 因为它修饰的是动词hear,只能用副词,另外两项都不对。

  58. C 联系上下文可知这是意思上的一个转折。Unfortunately 意思是不幸地,遗憾地;accordingly 是相应地,因此,于是;unexpectedly 是出乎意料地;luckily 是幸运地意思。

  59. A over and over意为反复,再三。意为again and again.

  60. C wear 是带上的意思,为最佳选项,其他的都不符合。

  61. A 这题主要在A 与B 里选。两个都有影响的意思。但是做“影响”解时,affect 是动词,而effect 是名词。

  62. D hearing 意为听力,文中的意思是反复听特别大声的音乐也会对一个人的听力有相同的影响。

  63. C 根本据上下文,这里需要一个表原因的词,因为后边的从句是对前面一句进行解释说明。所以C为正确选项。

  64. A 这句话的意思是最好的防止听力受损的方法是当你在机器旁工作时带上ear protector,而当你去concert 的时候带上耳塞。这与文章第一句话相呼应。

  65.B every once in a while 为习惯用法,意思是每隔一会,时不时地。

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